The Catholic University of America

Bridging the Spectrum

Symposium
Friday, Feb. 25, 2011
Great Room, Pryzbyla Student Center
Catholic University of America

Posters

American Folklife Center Audio Disc Sleeves project
Todd Harvey, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
The “Archive of Folk Song Audio Disc Sleeves” (collection no. AFC 9999/008) represent the primary documentation of American Folklife Center (Library of Congress) archive core collections. From the 1930s to the 1950s, instantaneous acetate audio discs were the medium of choice for the AFC archive and field workers tended to document their work on the disc sleeves rather than in field notebooks or journals. The archive derived, then, its indexes and card catalog (now an online presentation) from the disc sleeves. Some of the information contained on the sleeves, however, has never been transferred, making the 5000+ sleeves in this collection an invaluable research tool. The American Folklife Center has dedicated resources toward; (1) rehousing, arranging, and describing the materials, (2) digitizing the materials, and (3) placing the images online as part of an existing presentation relating to the American Folklife Center’s core collections.

A Bridge over International Waters: Collaboration of the World Digital Library, Library of Congress and the National Library of Uganda
Lavonda Kay Broadnax, Library of Congress
The World Digital Library makes available, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from around the world. Its objectives include: promoting international and intercultural understanding and expanding the volume and variety of cultural content on the Internet.  A related objective is to build capacity in partner institutions to narrow the digital divide within and between countries.  This presentation will highlight the work of the World Digital Library in conjunction with the Library of Congress to establish the capacity of the National Library of Uganda to become a fully contributing World Digital Library partner.  This partnership created the impetus for additional projects at the National Library of Uganda.  This presentation will include various aspects of the World Digital Library’s “narrow the digital divide” objective:  the background and history of the concept, funding for the concept in an international arena, analysis of timeline and milestones, and the culmination of the collaborative work. 

Comparing recent efforts in the U.S. and abroad to address the "orphan works" problem
Gena Chattin, Catholic University of America
In 2008, American cultural institutions came close to achieving "orphan works" legislation, but events took an unexpected course. Commercial interests and publishers became involved, and the legislation stalled. State-driven efforts abroad, however, have had more success, but not without some concern and opposition. This poster compares the ways the United States has addressed the orphan works problem with similar efforts in Canada and the European Union. It outlines the pros and cons of seemingly more successful state-led efforts abroad in comparison with the commercially-led drive in the United States, which has been mostly unsuccessful and had resulted in a heated conflict between cultural heritage institutions, creators of intellectual property, and commercial entities that stand to profit from the distribution of these materials.

Student as Teacher: creating LibGuides a a tool for professional development
Madison Bolls, Cecilia Cho, Elizabeth Deegan, Elizabeth Dodson, Viveca Pattison, Jessica Sprigings, and Kevin Gunn, Catholic University of America
While LibGuides are ubiquitous in academic libraries, they are a new phenomenon in Schools of Library and Information Science courses. This poster will outline the planning and implementation process of having students undergo the design process for their own LibGuides in chosen humanities topics with the ideal goal of having the guides publicized on the CUA Libraries web site.  Student learning outcomes and experiences will be discussed.  Last, recommendations will be made on how other SLIS faculty may use them in the future.

Digital Archival Organization: The Emergence of Mega Series
Jane Zhang, Catholic University of America School of Library and Information Science
When electronic records are generated from similar business processes with consistent metadata established by multiple creators to manage and access their records, a mega series of digital archival records can be formed. In the mega series system, records series serves as the primary entry to digital collections. The scope and coverage of series has been expanded and can be attached to as many number of provenances as appropriate. The mega series approach is a very practical way to organize digital archives. It could help cut costs, achieve efficiency, automate digital archival processing, and improve digital archival accessibility. The emergence of mega series can help to expand the definition of archival series and establish a new representation model to enhance discovery in digital archives.

Engaging Teachers and Library Users in Local Language Literacy Programming
Jane Meyers, Lubuto Library Project, Inc., Angela Flottemesch, Catholic University of America
The Lubuto Library Project was one of 12 groups chosen from several hundred applicants worldwide to receive a grant from the eIFL.net Public Library Innovation Initiative, which is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Lubuto's project addresses the critical need for a means to teach all Zambian children to read in their original language. Lubuto libraries reach out-of-school children and can help them toward reading by read-aloud and storytelling programs, but tools for reading teaching in Zambian languages are not available. Youth who had been using the One Laptop Per Child XO laptops in Lubuto libraries and experienced Zambian reading teachers have been trained in the OLPC application Etoys and now create early reading programs in seven Zambian languages, using six of the new XO 1.5 laptops. The open source programs can run on other platforms and will be posted on the new LubutoCollections.org website to inspire the creation of similar programs in other African countries and languages.

How to Drink from a Firehose Without Drowning
Edward McClure, Phoenix School of Law
Once upon a time, the law changed gently; actively keeping ahead of your students was unnecessary. Now you can have up to the minute information on your desktop. In fact, now you must have up to the minute information on your desktop, because your students are following "blawgs" and subscribing to "feeds" and reading "tweets". While you are asking that elegant Socratic question, they are reading an appellate opinion that had not been published when class began. Some of your peers - and rivals - are doing the same. No matter how unnatural they seem, we must force ourselves to learn how to use the Internet tools that have accelerated current awareness to the point of seeming madness. It is difficult, confusing, frustrating - and so, so important. This paper attempts to smooth your path towards online awareness sanity in the Twenty-First Century.

Investigation of Individual Differences in Gaze Behavior based upon Cognitive Function in Faceted Search Interfaces for Library Catalogs: Initial Results
Kathy Brennan & Bill Kules , Catholic University of America School of Library and Information Science
This presentation will present results from a study of how searchers interact with a web-based, faceted library catalog when conducting exploratory searches. Our objective is to better understand how these interfaces affect searcher actions, tactics, and strategies. It will investigate important aspects of faceted search interface use, including: searcher gaze behavior (what components of the interface searchers look at and in what order); how gaze behavior differs depending upon a cognitive measure of attention. The study applies eye tracking techniques to examine how searchers interact with a faceted online public access catalog (OPAC). It will yield empirical data from searchers conducting exploratory searches, which will be useful for both practitioners (e.g., for improving search interface designs) and researchers (e.g., to inform models of search behavior). This study will specifically investigate exploratory search in a semi-controlled setting.

Knowledge skills and abilities for digital preservation: The lecture I was missing from grad school
Regina Avila, National Institute of Standards and Technology
As more and more information is either being digitized or born digital, it is important to know what is essential to keep digital objects and information accessible well into the future. There are certain knowledge, skills and abilities one should acquire to effectively work with digital assets in today’s information environment. This presentation will provide information professionals an overview of what they should learn about the general discipline of digital preservation. The presentation will begin with a description of the literature, standards, and areas of study that are fundamental tools for navigating the world of digital preservation. Next, it will address the critical technical skills that are indispensible to those working in the field of digital preservation. Finally, it will address the competencies that information professionals develop over time when managing digital assets and those that are needed to keep up with the ever-changing demands and technologies of this area of practice.

Library Management Using the Baldrige Criteria for Performance Excellence
Mary-Deirdre Coraggio, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Successful management of organizational performance requires interconnected systems that link goals and strategies with customer and stakeholder requirements, key processes, and measures. This systems-oriented approach ensures consistency across plans, supports organizational learning, and ensures sustainable results. This briefing provides an overview the methodologies used by the Information Services Office (ISO) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) using the Baldrige Criteria for Performance Excellence as a framework. The Baldrige Criteria are a tool used by U.S. businesses to provide an overarching means for improving performance. The framework includes leadership; strategic planning; customer focus; measurement, analysis, and knowledge management; workforce focus; and process management. ISO began its Baldrige journey in 1997; ten years later it was awarded the Maryland Silver Quality Award by the Maryland Performance Excellence Award (MPEA) Program.

Mobile Technology: A Case Study
Marianne E. Giltrud, Catholic University of America
The 2009 ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students articulated changes in technology and its implicit impact on teaching and learning. Hand Held Device usage has surpassed laptop usage. In order to meet the changing needs of our student population, The Catholic University of America Libraries launched its Mobile Website in August 2010. This case study serves to evaluate, analyze and document the usage of the mobile website with focus on interoperability, functionality and best practices.

Models of Embedded Librarianship
David Shumaker, Catholic University of America School of Library and Information Science
Embedded librarians are those who collaborate closely with small groups of information users, such as an academic department, project team, or corporate department. They transcend the traditional library service roles, and operate as team members with shared responsibility for team outcomes.

My scholar is smarter than your scholar -- Or is it? A comparison of an information search using Google Scholar versus CUA's Metalib academic journal federated search application
Kathy Brennan, Catholic University of America
Information profession researchers have recently given a lot of attention to Google Scholar, a free academic journal search engine run by Google. While there is a general consensus that paid indexing and abstracting services provide superior search and retrieval features than Google Scholar, an ongoing debate has intensified about the true quality of Google Scholar within the context of academic research. This poster presents an informal experiment to compare the quality of Google Scholar with Catholic University's Metalib online academic journal federated search application. The experiment simulates a research project information search first using Google Scholar and then using CUA's Metalib. The analysis covers usability aspects of both search engines, as well as the quality of the search results. In addition to the experiment, a literature review of the debate itself will be included, to provide context for the experiment.

PDF/A for Long Term Archival
Steven Markheim, Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)
The Defense Technical Information Center is developmentally testing software that converts .PDF documents into .PDF/A documents for the purpose of long term archival. This poster submission provides basic information on the new ISO PDF/A Standard. The author is also the project officer responsible for the implementation of this new standard for archive at his organization. Vast developmental testing has been conducted and the author intends to field all questions regarding the implementation of this new archival concept, as well as discussion of technical bridges crossed in the implementation process, as requested.

A Potential 'Sixth Sense' for Library Patrons
Ryan Nayler, University of Toronto
At the TED India Conference held in 2009, a promising new innovation was unveiled, known as “Sixth Sense”, which allows users to effortlessly retrieve information via a neck-worn scanner and mini-computer ensemble, along with a micro-projector that displays a screen upon any surface. The pioneer of this technology, Pranav Mistry, claims that one useful application of Sixth Sense could entail a user browsing a bookstore shelf, picking up a book, and having the scanner recognize the book by image cover or by name and retrieve reviews and other information about the book from Amazon.com. The potential of Sixth Sense technology in libraries has not been explored. One application in a library setting would be similar to the Amazon application, although catalog records may be retrieved instead. While some library users prefer to browse sections of the stacks and others prefer catalogue searching, Sixth Sense may allow an optimized combination of these information-seeking behaviours.

Student Practicum and Employer Benefits: Findings at the US Geological Survey Reference Services    
Michelle Polchow, Catholic University of America, & Richard Huffine,  U.S. Geological Survey

Digital technology’s significant impact on reference services is an often heard theme. Real life repercussions as revealed in a practicum at USGS are that basic job responsibilities have become obscured, there is considerable need for staff education and training, and without greater comprehension of the electronic environment, little focus is given to long-term collection and preservation effects. Multitasking at the reference desk erodes the reference interview; the electronic self-help becomes a necessity when librarians are not trained to maximize the potential of databases for scholarly research; responsibility for new reference resources is pushed to the technology staff who complete vendor contracts; weeding and deselection is based on Worldcat records without direct communication with the intended borrowing institution; individual silos of information difficult to navigate for everyone; and map literacy and digital preservation are soon to need critical attention.

Technology and Technique: Twenty-five Years of Enticing Undergraduates to Online Searching, 1986-2011
Sally Stokes, CUA SLIS; White House Historical Association
This poster reports the results of a survey of the library literature from the mid-1980s to the present, focusing on trends and challenges in instructing undergraduate students in the use of the OPAC and remote database searching over the past twenty-five years. The means to store and retrieve print, image, and video have overwhelmingly altered the search scenario, and yet the process of educating students about available resources has retained some of its historic patterns. The poster will present some surprising findings about a quarter century of both changes and consistency in librarians’ efforts to engage students in acquiring and applying sound information-seeking skills.

U.S. National Strategies
Karen Cooper, Lily McGovern & Julie Arrighetti, National Defense University Library
After discovering that very few of the U.S. National Strategies are available online, and those are scattered on many different websites, we decided to collect as many as possible into one CONTENTdm archive. We'll describe our treasure hunt through the deep web to create this digital collection which satisfies requests we regularly receive from our patrons. We hope to encourage others to take on similar hunter-gatherer projects, thereby fulfilling needs specific to their institutions and ensuring preservation of those digital documents.

Web 2.0 as a Tool for Competitive Intelligence
Emily Robinson, Catholic University of America
As Web 2.0 and social networking become increasingly popular, special librarians are finding new and innovate ways to use these technologies to their advantage. Many social networking sites and technologies such as Linked-In, Twitter, blogs, and RSS feeds are being used to collect competitive intelligence for companies and potential clients. Many new companies are not included in the usual business reference resources, but have a strong online presence as business owners use the internet to network and build their client base. Other companies use social networking and RSS feeds to share updated information about the company, new products, partnerships, and other information. Tech-savvy special librarians are able to harness this information and use it for their own competitive intelligence and research purposes and as a supplement to traditional commercial databases. This poster will illustrate innovate ways librarians can use popular social networking and Web 2.0 sites to collect competitive intelligence for their organization.

A Year of Mobile Librarianship at NASA Goddard
Michael Chesnes, Tonia Reynolds-Pope & Charles Early, NASA Goddard Library
The NASA Goddard Library began its Mobile Librarian Project in February 2009 to serve a population of over 7000 scientists, engineers, and support staff in more than 30 buildings across a half square mile campus. The Project was conceived to bring customers separated from the physical Library into contact with Reference Librarians. For eight hours per week, two Reference Librarians, and occasionally other Library staff, sit at a table with a laptop and Library literature near a building entrance with concentrated foot traffic. The Reference Librarians provided the customers with a mixture of reference, instruction, interlibrary loan, circulation, research services. In the first year of the Project, the number of questions contributed by the Project increased by 11% and included two large reference projects. The Mobile Librarian Project has been a successful extension of the Goddard Library to reach out to customers that otherwise would not have visited the Library.

Your Story Has a Home Here: Portraits and Oral Histories of DC's Residents Without Homes     Rebecca Renard, District of Columbia Public Library
The Your Story Has a Home Here Project was a 9-month partnership between DC Public Library and the National Coalition for the Homeless, whereby teens learned professional studio photography and oral history interviewing skills, to photograph and record the stories of the city's homeless population. Its goals were to bridge the understanding gap between teens and the homeless; to humanize the condition of homelessness; to expand the library's collection of stories of DC residents, and to broaden the general public's awareness of the conditions that cause and affect the homeless. The poster describes the process and products of the project.